The curriculum for Math 8 and 9 emphasizes developing mathematical competencies as a vehicle to learn mathematical content. Teachers of these classes will be focusing on reasoning, communication, and sense-making using the content of the course. In all courses that are pre-requisites for a later course, students will have multiple attempts to successfully complete an assessment at the end of the course to ensure they have developed all the basic procedural knowledge to allow success in the next course.

**MATHEMATICS 8 (MA 8)**

In Math 8, students will improve their understanding of proportional reasoning, number operations, measurement, geometry, algebra, and financial mathematics through the ongoing development of the curricular competencies: reasoning & analyzing, understanding & solving, communicating & representing, and connecting & reflecting. Developing these curricular competencies will be the instructional focus in the course.

**INTRODUCTION TO MATH 9 (XAT-09)**

*Prerequisite: Recommendation from Math 8 Teacher*

This is an elective course for students who struggled to find success in Math 8. The goal of the course is to revisit some of the topics in Math 8 and preview some in Math 9. Students must take Math 9 in the second semester following this course. Students must be recommended for this course by their Math 8 teacher.

**MATHEMATICS 9 (MA 9)**

In Math 9, students will improve their understanding of number operations, measurement, linear relations, polynomials, algebra, and financial planning through the ongoing development of the curricular competencies: reasoning & analyzing, understanding & solving, communicating & representing, and connecting & reflecting. Developing these curricular competencies will be the instructional focus in the course.

**MATHEMATICS 9 ENRICHED (MA 9E)**

This course is designed for those students who have above-average Mathematical ability and motivation. The class will proceed at an accelerated pace which will allow for a greater depth in topics as well as include extra topics not covered in the regular course. Project work and constant practice is part of this course. Teacher recommendation is required.

**MATH 10 COURSES**

**WORKPLACE MATH 10 (WM 10)**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understandings necessary for direct entry into the work force. Topics include data visualization, probability, surface area and volume, trigonometry, metric and imperial measurement, unit conversions, and financial literacy around payroll deductions.

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS AND PRE-CALCULUS 10 (FMP 10)**

This course is designed to provide students with the mathematical understanding and critical thinking skills identified for entry into most post-secondary programs, both those requiring calculus and those that don’t. Students taking this course will decide whether to pursue Foundations of Math 11, Pre-Calculus 11, or both next year. Topics include exponents and powers, polynomial factoring, trigonometry, financial literacy, and linear functions and equations.

**ENRICHED MATH 10 (FMP 10EN)**

This course covers the curriculum of all of the Foundations and Pre-Calculus Math 10 along with some material from Foundations of Math 11. It will also have some preview content from Pre-Calculus 11 and 12. It is intended for students who received a mark of 80% or higher in Math 9, are interested in mathematics, and are planning to studying Math, Science, Commerce, or Engineering at the University Level.

**MATH 11 COURSES**

McNair offers three math courses at the grade eleven level. Please note that they do not represent “easier” or “harder” options. Most students should take FOM 11. Only students who do not intend to attend a post-secondary institution should take WM 11. Only students intending to study Calculus at the University-level should take Pre-Calculus 11. If students are unsure of their plans, they may take as many math 11 courses as they want (in the same way that students have the option of taking courses in more than one field of science). Students planning on studying the mathematical sciences in post-secondary should take both Foundations of Math 11 and Pre-Calculus 11.

Note: Students intending to write the SAT or participate in math contests for scholarship purposes should consider taking both Foundations of Math 11 and 12 and Pre-Calculus 11 and 12. Taken alone, neither of these two pathways covers the required material.

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATH 11 (FOM 11)**

*Prerequisite: FMP10*

This course is designed for students who have passed Foundations of Math and Pre-Calculus 10. It focuses on topics in mathematics that will be most applicable for College and University programs that do not require calculus, including the Humanities and Social Sciences, and Fine Arts. It is the appropriate course selection for most students, including those intending to pursue post-secondary education as it covers a much wider range of topics than the Pre-Calculus 11 course, which only focuses on a narrow branch of mathematics. Topics will include measurement of area, surface area, and volume, Euclidean geometry including proofs, logical reasoning, systems of equations, quadratic functions, financial literacy, and statistic

**WORKPLACE MATH 11 (WM 11)**

*Prerequisite: WM10*

This course is only for students who have passed Workplace Math 10. It focuses on topics in mathematics that will be most applicable in jobs that do not require University-level training, including financial literacy around loans and budgeting, 3D objects (including volume, surface area and scale diagrams), linear relations, and data representation. While Workplace Math 11 satisfies Ministry of Education graduation requirements, it may not be sufficient for entry into many post-secondary programs. Please check with your individual institutions for details.

**GEOMETRY 12**

*Prerequisite: FMP10*

This course explores geometry in more depth than students would see in either the Foundations or Pre-Calculus pathway. Topics include geometric constructions, circle geometry, 2D transformations, perspective, projections, and other non-Euclidean geometries. This course is recommended for students interested in taking mathematical sciences, engineering, or physics in University. Note that this course counts as a Math 11 or 12 math course for graduation.

**HISTORY OF MATH 11**

*Prerequisite: FMP10 OR WM10*

This isn't your regular math class! Rather than focusing on developing specific mathematical skills, students will explore the history and development of our current understanding of number systems, algebra, geometry, probability, and statistics. Additionally, we explore the development of computational technology from clay tablets to supercomputers, and look at the importance of cryptography as an historical application of mathematics. Note that this course counts as a the Math 11 or 12 math course for graduation.

**PRE-CALCULUS 11 (PREC 11)**

*Prerequisite: FMP10*

This course is designed for students who have passed Foundations of Math and Pre-Calculus 10. It focuses on topics in mathematics that will be most applicable to University programs that require calculus, including Science, Math, Commerce, and Engineering. Students not intending on pursuing a career in these fields should take Foundations of Math 11 as it offers a broader range of mathematical topics. Topics in Pre-Calculus 11 are limited to those required for Calculus, the real number system, powers and exponents, radical, rational and quadratic functions, polynomial factoring, trigonometry, and financial literacy around loans and investments. Of the three grade eleven courses, this course is the most abstract and has the least applications to most careers as it is a theoretical mathematics course. It satisfies the Ministry of Education graduation requirements, but may not be sufficient for entry into some post-secondary programs. Please check with individual institutions for details.

**ENRICHED MATH 11 (PREC11EN)**

*Pre-requisite: "B" or higher in FMP10, and teacher recommendation.*

This course is designed for motivated students who have shown a high level of achievement in previous math courses and are interested in a deeper understanding of mathematics as a discipline. It will cover all the topics of Pre-Calculus 11 and some of the topics in Foundations of Math 11.

**MATH 12 COURSES**

**FOUNDATIONS OF MATHEMATICS 12 (FOM 12)**

*Prerequisite: FOM 11*

This course is designed for students taking non-science and math programs at the university or college level. Many of these programs do not require Foundations of Math 12, so it can be considered an elective course. Students should check the entrance requirements of their post-secondary program of choice when selecting a grade twelve math course. Topics include geometry, graphing of various functions, regression, probability and combinatorics, and financial planning.

**PRE-CALCULUS 12 (PREC 12)**

*Prerequisite: At least C+ in PREC 11*

This course is for students who intend to continue their study of mathematics at the university or college level. It is a requirement for most post-secondary math, science, engineering, and commerce programs. Note that some non-math-based programs specifically require FOM 12 and not PREC 12, so students should check the entrance requirements of their post-secondary program of choice when selecting a grade twelve math course. Topics include transformations and algebra of functions (including exponential, logarithmic, polynomial, rational, and trigonometric), trigonometric identities, polynomial inequalities, and geometric sequences and series.

**AP CALCULUS (ACAL 12)**

*Prerequisite: Minimum C+ in Pre-Calculus 12 must be earned before taking this course. ANY STUDENT WISHING TO TAKE ANY POST SECONDARY SCIENCE, as well as MANY BUSINESS PROGRAMS would benefit from AP Calculus in high school.*

This course is designed for above-average students who have completed Pre-Calculus 12 and intend to take more mathematics at a post-secondary institution. The course deals with derivatives and integrals. It is roughly equivalent to the first semester of a first year university/college math course. A graphing calculator is required for this course, and may be borrowed from the school. This course is offered in the second semester only. Students will be prepared to write two optional exams to gain university credits while still in secondary school.

Note: Students must have at least 65% in Pre-Calculus Math 12 OR permission of the teacher in order to enroll in AP Calculus 12.